Ever thought about renting your home for holiday travelers or summer vacationers? Or maybe during a music festival or race? There are tax implications that come with this type of real estate. Before you take the plunge, read this informative article by Mike D’Avolio, CPA, J.D. for the Journal of Accountancy.
As college expenses continue to increase, grandparents are beginning to step-in and offer assistance to their grandchildren. John F. Wasik, for the New York Times offers sound advice for those wishing to help with their grandchildren’s college expenses. The Best Way to Help a Grandchild With College. There are many aspects to be considered in order to maximize your monetary support of a student, such as when the money is applied or whose name appears on the account. Read the full article to learn more about the amazing gift of higher-education that you can share with your grandchildren.
How many recurring charges are on your credit card at the moment? You may be surprised. A new service, Trim, will scan your bills, produce a list of these payments and cancel ones you wish to no longer utilize. This is a free service from Trim as they attempt to build a client base for their personal finance assistance business. Even if you choose not to employee Trim, taking a look at their ranked, most common charges list can be helpful and may inspire you to take the initiative to keep more money in your own pocket.
Anyone starting their own business knows that keeping costs down is of vital importance. Alyssa Gregory encourages new business owners to consider twenty-one areas where accountants will make their lives easier. In her article, Do I Need An Accountant, she provides a useful checklist and summary of items required for new start-ups, such as opening business bank accounts, governmental forms and classification of contractors vs. employees. In her assessment, knowing when to enlist the help of a professional is key to creating and maintaing fiscal health.
The SEC’s investigation into the subprime mortgage mess now includes examinations of the financial statements of the mortgage lenders who are generally blamed for creating the disaster that has swamped the global economy. Lenders suspected of misstating loss reserves, asset values, or the prices on foreclosed properties are going to be pursued by the SEC, according to commissioner Elisse Walter. If a lender’s disclosures about loan quality, credit risks, rates of default, mortgage delinquency, and exposures to the subprime market were inaccurate, then chances are, its executives are going to be paid a visit from the SEC’s enforcement staff. Walter was testifying during a March 20, 2009, House Financial Services Committee hearing on investor protection and enforcement during the subprime meltdown.
So far, the agency’s enforcement division has filed nine cases involving subprime issues, and it has many other subprime matters under active investigation, Walter told lawmakers.
The subjects of the investigations to date are primarily subprime lenders, credit rating agencies, home builders, and companies that provided mortgages to investors to enable them to finance securities purchases. The agency is also looking at the investment banks that bundled the mortgages into securities and then sold them into the secondary market.
Source: WG&L Accounting & Compliance Alert Checkpoint 3/23/09
AIG is back at the trough: US Throws New Lifeline to AIG
On October 7 the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform held their second day of hearings on the financial crisis in Wall Street. The first day addressed Lehman Brothers, the second, AIG.
Michael Sullivan, the fired executive of AIG, blamed mark to market accounting rules required under FASB 157 for all of AIG troubles: “No disaster as massive as the unforeseen and unprecedented financial market disruption that has occurred over the past year is the result of a simple or single cause. The world’s current economic challenges are obviously related to multiple actions by multiple parties. To assist the Committee, I would like to focus on one particular factor-the role played by one accounting rule applied to corporations.
“The accounting rules require that certain assets be ‘marked to market.’ In other words, companies must declare the value of those assets, on a quarterly basis, at the price such assets could sell for on the market at that point in time. Companies must declare these values on their books even if they have no intention of, or immediate need to, sell the assets, and even if they have not realized any actual gain or actual loss. FAS 157, which was adopted relatively recently, set out specific guidelines as to how companies must determine the “market price” of certain categories of assets. However well FAS 157 operates under any reasonably foreseeable market conditions, in the unprecedented credit crisis which began in the summer of 2007, FAS 157 had, in my opinion, unintended consequences. In a distressed market where assets cannot be readily sold, companies are forced to declare the value of those assets at fire-sale prices.”
One of the fundamentals of accounting and taxation is that fair market value is what a willing seller and a willing buyer will agree is the value of an asset. If an asset can’t be sold, it means there are no willing buyers, and the asset has no value. The difficulty with the “toxic assets” that companies want to offload onto the taxpayer is that there is no market so that it’s hard to determine a value.
From the hearing transcripts: Congressman Christoper Shays (R, CT): “Yesterday we sent a formal request to the Chairman asking for a specific commitment to make the federal mortgage companies a priority in this hearing, not an after afterthought. We can’t wait until Halloween to unmask these two failed monsters of mortgage finance.”
To read the complete hearings: http://oversight.house.gov/story.asp?ID=2208.
The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act mandated a study of these Mark to Market Rules. The study is to be performed by the Federal Reserve and Department of the Treasury. The report is due January 9, 2009.
To listen to the first SEC hearings on this matter: SEC Roundatable.
As if Enron’s effects on the accounting industry weren’t enough, Financial Week reported on September 18 that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac inflated their core capital with the use of deferred tax credits.
The article states: “When companies have losses, they are allowed to recognize tax-deferred credits in the year of the loss, even though the reduction in taxes they produce will only be realized in future years in which they have taxable income, and thus a liability they can use the credit to reduce. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac used that method to almost double the amounts they claimed as capital reserves.”
Financial Account Statement 109 provides the methods for computing deferred tax assets and requires that firms consider whether it is more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will be not be realized. Freddie and Fannie haven’t shown a profit in several years and little prospect of futrue profit against which to use these deferred tax assets.
Quoting Robert Willins, a tax and accounting consultant, the article continues: “They’re not writing down the tax assets at all,” said Mr. Willens, even though “it’s almost impossible to avoid a write-down when you have a history of cumulative losses. Nevertheless, these guys have been able to avoid it with the concurrence of their auditors.”
Fannie and Freddie counted these “assets” toward their regulatory capital and were able disguise their lack of liquidity.
And so it goes.